Connecting Azure Blob Storage account using Managed Identity

In the previous post, we saw that we can connect to Azure KeyVault from ASP.NET Core application using the default credentials. If you haven't read that, please find it here

Manage application settings with Azure KeyVault

But this is not a secure way of doing things obviously due to security concerns. In order to overcome this, the recommended approach is used to Managed Identity in Azure. This will work only if your application is hosted in Azure. It is similar to a service principal which connects on your app's behalf to communicate with other resources

Create Managed Identity

The first step is to create a Managed Identity resource in Azure and then give read permission for this identity in the Keyvault which you need to communicate

You can refer to the official documentation given below to perform this step

Managed identities for Azure resources

Connecting to KeyVault from ASP.NET Core Web App

In my sample code, I want to connect to a storage account using MI, I have added the necessary configuration entries is my appsettings.json. This can change depending our your requirement

"AzureStorage": {
"AccountName": "gab22demostorage",
"ContainerName": "file-container"

"AzureKeyVault": {
"keyvault-url": "",
"mi-client-id": "your mi id here"

Now, in my method where I want to connect to the storage account, add the below code

var accountName = _configuration["AzureStorage:AccountName"];
var containerName = _configuration["AzureStorage:ContainerName"];
var miClientId = _configuration["AzureKeyVault:mi-client-id"];

// Construct the blob container endpoint from the arguments.
string containerEndpoint = $"https://{accountName}{containerName}";

// Get a credential and create a client object for the blob container.
BlobContainerClient blobContainer = new BlobContainerClient(new Uri(containerEndpoint),
new ManagedIdentityCredential(miClientId));

foreach (var itm in products)
BlobClient blobClient = blobContainer.GetBlobClient($"uploads/{itm.ImageFileName}");
using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
await blobClient.DownloadToAsync(memoryStream);
var bytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
var b64String = Convert.ToBase64String(bytes);
itm.ImageUri = "data:image/png;base64," + b64String;

What we are doing basically here is

  • reading the configuration from appsettings.json file
  • connecting to the storage account using MI
  • iterates through the blob container to download the image file

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